Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), Electromagnetism (EM), electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) have been carried out in the MAR demonstration site in Suvereto thanks to the collaboration with the Catchment Hydrology department of the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) of Leipzig (Germany). Thomas Vienken, Marco Pohole e Helko Kotas.
These explorations are particularly used in the environmental investigations and to optimize the site characterization in order to achieve the optimal conditions for the pilot plant installation. The GPR method, for example, uses radar pulses to image the subsurface. uses electromagnetic radiation in the microwave band of the radio spectrum, and detects the reflected signals from subsurface structures. The GPR can is a very useful tool to imagine the subsurface and to discriminate rock, soil, water and structures.